Auch bekannt als Odins Knoten und Hrungnir-Herz, die drei ineinander verschlungenen Dreiecke werden als das Symbol von Odin betrachtet. Der oder die Valknut, deutsch auch Wotansknoten, ist ein germanisches Symbol, bestehend B. Lärbro Tängelgarda I) und ähnlichen Motiven, die in Verbindung mit „Tod im Kampf“ und dem Göttervater (Odin) stehen können. Auch auf dem. Wikinger Symbole, nordische Tattoos, Runen und ihre Bedeutung. Valknut-Symbol-Wikinger-Runen-odins-knoten-Dreieck-walhalla. Wikinger Symbole Runen.
Wikinger Symbole, nordische Runen und ihre Bedeutung als TattoosEine Möglichkeit der Betrachtung des Valknut Symbols oder Wotans-Knoten ist, dass in diesem Symbol alle Dinge (Tugenden) vereint sind die Wotan (Odin). - Erfahren Sie mehr über die Wikinger Symbole, die nordischen Runen und Wofür stehen ein Wikinger Kompass (Vegvisir) und das Valknut Symbol? 5 Ideas of Odin's Tattoos for Odin Worshippers Odin was among the most. Ein Symbol für den. Weltenbaum ist die Irminsul (→ Häufig verwendete Symbole). Walküre. Die Walküren sind Töchter Odins (→. Götternamen). Ihre Aufgabe ist.
Odin Symbole Navigation menu VideoViking Religious Symbols
They usually come in a set of 24 stones with ancient letters — runes — covered onto them. The process of casting rune sticks involved shedding pieces of wood or bone on the part of the cloth.
Then the experienced practitioner read the message that was reproduced of the runes, their orientation and position to each other.
Runes are the letters associated with the well-known Odin who discovered them. The Elder Futhark gave way to the Younger Futhark that had only 16 rune symbols that reflected the Scandinavia language changes.
Although with the appearance of the Younger Futhark the Elder Futhark was not used, it maintained in use as glyphs but not for an extended period.
The fact we can understand the Elder version even today, it is clear that Vikings could also read both versions. Nowadays, a lot of beautiful Viking jewelry that relates to runes use the Elder version more frequently as, the younger one, because it represents more letters that are easier to read as well as translate to English.
For Vikings runes were not only symbols. They believed that runes had a mysterious power able to change their life.
Vikings highly respected them. You can find many myths about their power and feats. For example, one of them: one woman was seriously ill.
The reason of her illness was the wrong runes hanging above her head. The runes master was called for help to change the runes meaning and help to improve the situation.
In result, he corrected the runes and the woman recovered. There is another story about the runemaster who protected his horn with special runic symbols.
The horn breaks in two when his foe tries to poison him. The protected runic symbols cut on the horn helped him to save his life. Runic masters could also predict the future with the help of rune stones.
There were a couple of ways to predict the future with runes. The first one was to put the rune stones in the bag, shake them and then throw them on the ground.
Those rune stones that grounded face up were used for castling the future. With the appearance of Christianity in northern Europe, Viking runes did not disappear.
They could be seen side by side with the other Christian symbols on coffins, gravestones, monuments. Even up to 17 century, runes were frequently used.
However in century church decided to ban the runes to eliminate magic, superstition and paganism.
These are the two main reasons why Valknut is considered an Odin symbol. The nine corners of three triangles that form the Valknut symbol also mean nine worlds of Norse mythology and life cycle through pregnancy and motherhood.
What is unique about the Valknut Viking symbol is the fact that it was found on many northern monuments and tombs.
The Valknut symbol consists of three triangles that were sometimes depicted in a single line unicursal or Borromean style. What is special about this unique Viking symbol is that it has nine points because of its three triangles.
The number nine was significant during the Viking age. Because the number nine symbolizes nine words of northern mythology. The symbol of Yggdrasil appears in the mythology of many ancient cultures as a symbol of the connection of all the things in the world.
Nothing can die, and everything is in the constant state of unending and transformation. This symbol is not only one of the most prominent symbols in Norse mythology but also one of the most important symbols of the Norse faith.
It is the main symbol representing the interconnection of all the things in the universe. Yggdrasil symbolizes that life comes from water.
Therefore, the symbol Yggdrasil is called the Tree of Life. What is more critical the Norse mythology considers that the end of the word will be caused by Ragnarok — the battle between gods, where only one man and woman will survive and hide inside the hollow of the tree.
They will leave the tree to provide a new life on the word. Therefore, the Tree of Life is also considered a tree that will protect the entity from Ragnarok.
Because Yggdrasil was the tree, on which Odin hung when he decided to sacrifice himself to himself as a quest for wisdom. Aegishjalmur is rune stave that is well known to be a Viking symbol of victory and protection.
The emblem itself reminds eight branches that look like radiant tridents that are located around a central point of the symbol, the point that should be protected.
Those eight tridents protect that central point. As they considered it was an important symbol protecting them from their enemies, instill fear in them and helping Vikings in battles.
Nowadays, the symbol Aegishjalmur is frequently used in the form of tattoos, that serves for many popes as protection amulets. Many Vikings had used to paint the Aegishjalmur symbol at their helmets or armor.
As they believed, the Aegishjalmur symbol offered necessary protection as well as power during wars.
They also considered that this symbol was a powerful tool to create fear in their enemies. We can find the depiction of the Aegishjalmur symbol in a vast number of Norse writings, including Völsunga sagas and poems by Edda, which tells how Fafnir dragon explains how he can use Aegishjalmur and become invisible:.
What is more, these symbols are often confused. However, Vegvisir or the Viking Compass is another Viking symbol that consists of rune staves.
This ancient Viking symbol was one of the essential Vikings assistants. Because the Vikings believed the Vegvisir, the Viking or the Nordic compass provided necessary assistance as well as guidance to those people who lost their life path.
Although the Vikings did have the instruments that helped them to find the right direction e. Taking into consideration the fact that Vikings used to face with various sea disasters, it is not difficult to understand why Vikings wanted magical help to accompany them and keep their way.
This Vegvisir symbol can be found in the Huld Manuscript. There is no information concerning the age of this symbol. However, Icelandic people are the descendants of Vikings who have spent all their life sailing in the wild oceans.
Nowadays we have a wide range of different modern technologies that can help us to overcome various sea disasters as well as help us not to waste the direction.
Although during the Viking age, there were no technologies able to overcome the dangers, they strongly believed in symbols, and Vegvisir was one of them.
As they thought, it could help them to find their way in life as well as help them during the long voyages.
Vikings used this symbol and drew it on the Viking ships before they set sail to be sure they will come back home safe and not injured. It should also be mentioned that there is not a lot of information concerning the origin of this symbol.
Therefore, we cannot say for sure that Vegvisir existed during the Viking age. This symbol is another Viking symbol that took a prominent part during the Viking era.
Every day he was allowed only one sip of the mead. Therefore, he drank a whole horn each time he was drinking mead, and in three days, he had drunk three horns of the mead of poetry that helped Odin to escape b turning him into an eagle.
However, due to the Norse or Vikings mythology, Mjölnir was not only a weapon but also an important tool used by Thor for a wide range of different purposes.
With the help of Mjölnir, Thor consecrated things and people, and with the help of his hammer, he brought them from the realm of chaos into the sacred realm — cosmos.
As a result, they have designed the powerful, medical and influential hammer — Mjölnir or the Hammer of Thor. It is also believed that Thor used Mjölnir to bless couples during the marriage, providing them with fertility.
Symbols played a vital role in the Viking society and were used to represent their gods, beliefs and myths. Some Viking symbols remain mysterious and their meaning is still unknown, but there are also many ancient symbols that have clear messages.
Left: Drawing of a Viking Age gold-plated silver Mjölnir pendant length 4. Thor , ancient god of war is one of the most prominent figures in Norse mythology.
One Norse story tells what happened when when he lost his precious hammer. Mjölnir, was a magical weapon that always came back to Thor when he threw it.
Even during Christian times, from A. Read more. By Oluf Olufsen Bagge. At the very top of Yggdrasil, an eagle lived and at the bottom of the tree lived a dragon named Nidhug.
Both hated each other and were bitter enemies. The image of Yggdrasil appears on the famous Överhogdal Tapestry, which dates to the year and depicts the events of Ragnarok , the doom of the Gods and apocalyptic record of the coming comet.
More Ancient Symbols. The symbol has been found on old Norse stone carvings and funerary steles. It's also possible to find a depiction of the Valknut on stone carvings as a funerary motif, where it probably signified the afterlife.
The birds have powerful beaks and fan-shaped tails, indicating that they are ravens. The brooches were intended to be worn on each shoulder, after Germanic Iron Age fashion.
Petersen notes that "raven-shaped ornaments worn as a pair, after the fashion of the day, one on each shoulder, makes one's thoughts turn towards Odin's ravens and the cult of Odin in the Germanic Iron Age.
The Oseberg tapestry fragments , discovered within the Viking Age Oseberg ship burial in Norway, features a scene containing two black birds hovering over a horse, possibly originally leading a wagon as a part of a procession of horse-led wagons on the tapestry.
In her examination of the tapestry, scholar Anne Stine Ingstad interprets these birds as Huginn and Muninn flying over a covered cart containing an image of Odin, drawing comparison to the images of Nerthus attested by Tacitus in 1 CE.
Excavations in Ribe , Denmark have recovered a Viking Age lead metal-caster's mould and 11 identical casting-moulds.
These objects depict a moustached man wearing a helmet that features two head-ornaments. Archaeologist Stig Jensen proposes these head-ornaments should be interpreted as Huginn and Muninn, and the wearer as Odin.
He notes that "similar depictions occur everywhere the Vikings went—from eastern England to Russia and naturally also in the rest of Scandinavia.
A portion of Thorwald's Cross a partly surviving runestone erected at Kirk Andreas on the Isle of Man depicts a bearded human holding a spear downward at a wolf, his right foot in its mouth, and a large bird on his shoulder.
The 11th century Ledberg stone in Sweden, similarly to Thorwald's Cross, features a figure with his foot at the mouth of a four-legged beast, and this may also be a depiction of Odin being devoured by Fenrir at Ragnarök.
In November , the Roskilde Museum announced the discovery and subsequent display of a niello -inlaid silver figurine found in Lejre , which they dubbed Odin from Lejre.
The silver object depicts a person sitting on a throne. The throne features the heads of animals and is flanked by two birds.
Various interpretations have been offered for a symbol that appears on various archaeological finds known modernly as the valknut. Due to the context of its placement on some objects, some scholars have interpreted this symbol as referring to Odin.
For example, Hilda Ellis Davidson theorises a connection between the valknut , the god Odin and "mental binds":. For instance, beside the figure of Odin on his horse shown on several memorial stones there is a kind of knot depicted, called the valknut , related to the triskele.
This is thought to symbolize the power of the god to bind and unbind, mentioned in the poems and elsewhere.
Odin had the power to lay bonds upon the mind, so that men became helpless in battle, and he could also loosen the tensions of fear and strain by his gifts of battle-madness, intoxication, and inspiration.
Davidson says that similar symbols are found beside figures of wolves and ravens on "certain cremation urns" from Anglo-Saxon cemeteries in East Anglia.
According to Davidson, Odin's connection to cremation is known, and it does not seem unreasonable to connect with Odin in Anglo-Saxon England.
Davidson proposes further connections between Odin's role as bringer of ecstasy by way of the etymology of the god's name.
Beginning with Henry Petersen's doctoral dissertation in , which proposed that Thor was the indigenous god of Scandinavian farmers and Odin a later god proper to chieftains and poets, many scholars of Norse mythology in the past viewed Odin as having been imported from elsewhere.
Salin proposed that both Odin and the runes were introduced from Southeastern Europe in the Iron Age.
Other scholars placed his introduction at different times; Axel Olrik , during the Migration Age as a result of Gaulish influence. In the 16th century and by the entire Vasa dynasty , Odin as Oden was officially considered the first King of Sweden by that country's government and historians.
This was based on an embellished list of rulers invented by Johannes Magnus and adopted as fact in the reign of King Carl IX , who, though numbered accordingly, actually was only Carl III.
Another approach to Odin has been in terms of his function and attributes. Many early scholars interpreted him as a wind-god or especially as a death-god.
The god Odin has been a source of inspiration for artists working in fine art, literature, and music. Ehrenberg , the marble statue Wodan around by H.
Music inspired by or featuring the god includes the ballets Odins Schwert and Orfa by J. Robert E. Howard 's story " The Cairn on the Headland " assumes that Odin was a malevolent demonic spirit, that he was mortally wounded when taking human form and fighting among the vikings in the Battle of Clontarf , that lay comatose for nearly a thousand years - to wake up, nearly cause great havoc in modern Dublin but being exorcised by the story's protagonist.
Science Fiction writer Poul Anderson 's story The Sorrow of Odin the Goth asserts that Odin was in fact a twentieth-century American time traveler , who sought to study the culture of the ancient Goths and ended up being regarded as a god and starting an enduring myth.
Odin was adapted as a character by Marvel Comics , first appearing in the Journey into Mystery series in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Widely attested deity in Germanic mythology. This article is about the Germanic deity. For other uses, see Odin disambiguation. For other uses, see Woden disambiguation and Wotan disambiguation.
Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages.
Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Retrieved Nov 16, The Marvel Encyclopedia. DK Publishing. Bellows, Henry Adams Trans.
The Poetic Edda. Princeton University Press. Birley, Anthony R. Agricola and Germany. Oxford World's Classics.
The Saga of the Volsungs. University of California Press. Chadwick, H. Craigie, William A. Oxford Clarendon Press. Altnordisches Etymologisches Worterbuch ed.
Oxford University Press. Edward Peters. History of the Lombards. University of Pennsylvania Press. He will also kill Odin.
Fenrir is a symbol of destructive forces. He is something that cannot be contained and will wreak havoc upon the earth. The Vikings were one of the first Norsemen to travel and conquer parts of Europe.
They were able to do this with their longships. Longships were made to be rowed or used with a sail. They stood up to the ocean and were important in wars.
They could sail in both small streams and oceans and could be used to outpace their enemies. The curled front of the ship made many Europeans call them dragon ships.
These were not large ships but were more like boats. Still, the Vikings used them to conquer Europe and sail to North America.
Viking would often be buried in their longships so they could be used in the afterlife. There were two famous longships in Viking mythology.
Frey was the god of fertility and peace. His ship could be folded up and stored in a pocket. It could also hold all the gods.
The second ship is Nalgfar. It is the ship of Hel, the goddess of the underworld. It is made up of fingernails of the dead and will rise up against the gods during Ragnarok.
Loki and the giants will helm the ship and use it to attack Asgard, home of the gods. The boar was used in Viking symbolism to represent plenty, happiness, and peace.
Boars were the attendant spirits of Freya and Frey. Freya was the goddess of love and her boar was called Hildisvini. Hildisvini meant battle swine.
Freya would ride her boar into battle. Frey is the god of fertility and his boar is named Gullinborsti, or golden bristles. Gullingorsti was made by dwarves and has bristles that shine in the dark.
Vikings would make boar sacrifices to Frey and Freya.Most of those animals were fylgia — attendant spirits that accompanied their gods. Norse gods Norse giants Norse dwarfs Mythological Norse people, items and places Germanic paganism Heathenry new religious movement. Fyrnsidu Seax-Wica Austrian Navy Rum.